ECLAC: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

Welcome to the ECLAC Committee at SCMUN 2019!

Background Guide will be available on February 1.

The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean is a regional commission of the United Nations.

ECLAC has 45 member states (20 in Latin America, 13 in the Caribbean, and 12 from outside locations). The commission works to bolster the resilience of these countries and to promote the social wellbeing of the region. The commission goes about this by statistical monitoring methods and by partnering with the UN and NGOs.

Currently, the Latin American and Caribbean region is enduring large amounts of discontent and policy change and thus it is
important that the committee works to secure wellbeing of these regions. In fact, international trade, security, and commerce depend on the security of the region and thus the success of this commission is key to the 2030 agenda for sustainability.

Topic A: Venezuela Crisis

Venezuela is at a critical point in its history. For the last 5 years, the decline in its socioeconomic status, with crime, inflation, poverty and hunger increasing, has been attributed to poor economic policies of its socialist leadership. Despite its abundant natural resources and human capital, Venezuela shows no signs of recovering from a mess created by its current president Nicolas Maduro. Enduring a constitutional crisis in 2017, the country held a rigged election which re-elected Maduro as president. Herein lies the challenge upon the United Nations to solve this crisis so that the Venezuelan people can live free from famine, poverty and drastic inflation.

Topic B: Food, Security, and Nutrition

Over the years, the Latin America and the Caribbean region has suffered greatly due to a lack of food security and nutrition. While this issue has received a great deal of attention from various regional bodies in the past, such as the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, the World Food Program, and the Food and Agriculture Organization, it has still remained a threat to many families throughout the region. This topic will ask delegates to consider issues in food production unique to Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as how to ensure all people in the region have quality and accessible nutrition.