UNESCAP: U.N. Economic and Social Commission for Asia & the Pacific
Welcome to the UNESCAP Committee at SCMUN 2018!
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific is a regional organization comprised of Asian states that work to fix specific regional problems related to their developing economies and the unique environmental threats they face, through increased cooperation amongst neighboring states.
Topic A: Aging
Asia-Pacific’s large population and decreased fertility rates are leading to a large age gap, with 1 in 4 Asians being over the age of 60 by the year 2050. This society will soon need solutions on how to care for this large elderly population through adequate social services and preventative measures. Elderly individuals seldom receive a steady income, have some of the highest healthcare costs, have difficulty in accessing food and medicine, and often need daily care to assist them. If the continent does not maintain a healthy and able population as they age, they will find themselves unable to care for their elderly, leading to high poverty rates, hunger, and lower life expectancies as their elderly are not cared for.
Topic B: Countries with Special Needs
This topic tackles the economic issues facing Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Land-Locked Developing Countries (LLDCs), and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in the region. Each of these countries is economically disadvantaged due to natural or manmade barriers to trade such as geographic isolation or lack of existing infrastructure that makes growing their economies difficult. With some of the highest poverty rates worldwide, these nations with special needs need to improve their economies, but need to do so in a way that improves the quality of life for all and does not damage their natural environment. Delegates will debate ways to improve these countries access to the global economy, as it is critical to improving the lives of their citizens.