Novice UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
Welcome to the UNESCO Committee at SCMUN 2019!
*Please note this committee will only be in session on 03/31/19 and is designed for middle school delegates.
A specialized agency of the UN, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization was created in 1946 to foster and promote peace through international collaboration. UNESCO’s founding vision of peace through mutual understanding is furthered through the development of educational tools, promotion of scientific programs and advancements, and encouragement and respect of cultural heritages.
Notable among the successes of this body, UNESCO preserves 1073 World Heritage sites, publishes general histories of world regions, and launches educational programs and research facilities. UNESCO’s programs and advocacy further its aim "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information" in conjunction with the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015.
Topic: Censorship & Truth: Protecting Journalists
This committee topic will address the subtopics of: (1) The protection of journalists (2) State-sponsored censorship, and (3) Foreign infiltration of news/media as a method of espionage. The importance of this committee lies in the continuous attacks against journalists specifically, and news media in general within countries. According to UNESCO, over a thousand journalists have been killed between 2006 and 2017. And last year, the amount of journalists killed in non-conflict zones exceeded that of those killed in the midst of conflict. Journalists and uncensored news media are necessary for the protection of democracy and the maintenance of human rights within countries. State-sponsored censorship is generally an attempt to keep populations unaware of state corruption, thereby allowing for further corruption. Furthermore, the continuous use of media interference for the purposes of espionage and diversionary tactics reveals the need to protect and expose the truth in the face of foreign interference. The goals of this committee are to create frameworks and provisions to address the importance of protecting journalists and uncensored news. The committee would ultimately address how doing so would help maintain democracy and prevent state corruption.