UNHRC: United Nations Human Rights Council
Welcome to the United Nations Human Rights Council at SCMUN 2019!
The UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is the primary body of the UN that works to promote and maintain human rights around the world. The Council has 47 members who are elected for three year terms, based on their regional location, that collectively combat abuses.
The UNHRC addresses a whole range of abuses; from violent action to policy that hinders a person’s basic rights. It will be the duty of this council to balance sovereignty and the rights of all humans when addressing some of this world’s most controversial situations.
Topic A: Religious Tolerance
Freedom of religion and beliefs is considered an unalienable right under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the UNHRC is chartered with protecting this right. Religious persecution refers to any routine or continued mistreatment by a government or independent group to a sect of people based on their religious beliefs. In recent years, stories of religious persecution have surfaced in China, with the reeducation camps for Uighur Muslims, several European nations with the ban on burqas and niqabs, violent rallies against Christians in Syria, as well as others across the world. Delegates in this committee must consider the potential for genocide and violent conflict resulting from religious persecution as well as the degree in which the international community should interfere in these instances.
Topic B: Myanmar Genocide
In March of 2017, the UN Human Rights Council formed an independent fact-finding organization tasked with uncovering details regarding allegations of human rights violations by the Myanmar military. Since then, the plethora of terrified cries from the Rohingya minority have been corroborated by damning reports, claiming that the “the gross human rights violations committed” by members of the Myanmar government “are shocking for their horrifying nature and ubiquity.” In this committee, delegates will find an external solution to the ethnic cleansing taking place in the developing country of Myanmar.